“Those who do not learn history are doomed to repeat it.” George Santayana
F.Mahmoudi 16 may 2017
The Persian Empire was the largest empire in the world at its time of ruling, and when slavery was a custom, it was the land of abolished slavery! Moreover, the Iranian nation under the rule of Cyrus the Great introduced the first declaration of human rights in world history. Cyrus the Great’s Cylinder is the first charter of the rights of nations in the world. It is a baked-clay cylinder in the Akkadian language with cuneiforms script.
Iran, the great nation of the first human right declaration, has been striving for justice, freedom and democracy, as well as the establishment of human rights from Cyrus the Great in 2500 BC to the present.
Recently, more than a century of historical struggle has coincided with three different social political forces.
We have witnessed these three elements during Iran’s constitutional revolution and naturalization of petroleum and oil under the leadership of Dr. Mohammad Mosadegh to the Iran’s revolution of 1979, which includes the following elements:
First, the resistance forces rooted by the people’s support, which struggles for freedom and democracy and are seeking the betterment of human rights by relying on the establishment of a rule of law and a constitution by the people and for the people based on a popular electoral process.
Secondly, the elements of the puppet government, which is affiliated with foreign countries, has no grass roots support from the people. This element gets its power by the support of foreign governments. The latest example of such is the dictatorship of Pahlavi’s Monarchy under Mohamad Reza Shah, which was toppled by the people’s revolution.
Thirdly, the element of fanatical movement, as it appeared during Iran’s constitutional revolution under the leadership of Sheykh Fazlolah Nouri, and during Iranian Oil Naturalization movement by Kashani, as well as when the Iranian 1979 revolution took place, was led by Khomeini! This movement is the enemy of freedom, rule of law, and the establishment of human rights. It has been after a cleric rule through a supreme leader!
Unfortunately, by the Western Governments’ strategic miscalculations, the regime was able to achieve its devilish goals. Now, it has been nearly four decades inside Iran and the Middle East and the fanatical movement has become the root cause of political disasters, terrorism and instability in the region.
In 1953, the United States and Great Britain launched a coup against the nationalist government of Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh and undermined their national bourgeoisie, under the pretext and justification of fear of the Soviet Union, Iran’s northern neighbor.
A dangerous miscalculation, which paved the way for Khomeini leading an extreme fundamentalist movement. It was the western media’s propaganda, which purposely introduced Khomeini as an alternative opposition leader and a replacement for the Shah, while the Iranian democratic leaders were locked in jails. After the fall of the Shah, the spring of freedom did not last long in Iran.
Khomeini, whose mentality belonged to a pre-capitalism era, could not adapt himself to the current social historical generation!
Khomeini’s reactionary nature and medieval mentality did not allow him to adopt to the progressive ways of society or have a peaceful coexistence with its neighbors! Khomeini saw his salvation through suppression, creating turmoil in the region under the pretext of exporting its “Islamic” revolution!
To portray himself as the opposition of Western countries and to gain popularity, he masked his face with the anti-American propaganda. He praised his followers for taking over the American Embassy and established the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC).
His first step was to take over the U.S. Embassy and create a hostage crisis under the name of Islam! Next was establishing the vigilant forces to suppress all political opponents, and later, meddling in Iraq affairs. As many Shias and Shia shrines existed in Iraq, for its long common borders with Iran, this meddling was seen as the best method to control Iraq. Bait by regime was laid for Saddam, as he made a tactical mistake and was provoked by the regime to start the Long lasting 8 years of war. A mistake that Khomeini referred to as a blessing! Europe and the United States, who were occupied with the hostage crisis, took the policy of enduring fuel to a prolong lasting war and did not want a winner or loser in this war!
It was before war that Khomeini was able to suppress the political parties and massacre thousands of Iranian Freedom fighters. Western and Arab countries miscalculated and misunderstood the nature of Khomeini and hardly took any major steps for peace and the end of the destructive war, which Khomeini single handedly was insisting on.
It was the anti-regime movement (PMOI), who signed a peace treaty with Iraq’s government when Iraq pulled out from Iran’s territory and formed a resistance army in Iraq to force Khomeini to drink the poison of ceasefire!
Since Khomeini took power, he divided the Palestinians’ movement into different groups. Then, Western countries put pressure on Arafat and besieged his supporters to surrender! In fact, peace between Palestine and the Israelis was against Khomeini’s will and could take an important evasion from him.
Khomeini was a true devil, spewing fire and poison on the Iranian people by bringing death and destruction. He was terrified that his spell could be broken by the PMOI. Khomeini was hiding his fear by executing thousands of political prisoners, who were members and supporters of the PMOI.
After the war with Iraq, Khomeini, along with the consultation of Rafsanjani, tried to attract Western countries by pretending and maneuvering himself to appear as a moderate person. However, his terrorism engine was always busy around the world.
Invading Kuwait was another miscalculation by Saddam. War between Iraq and Kuwait was a big assistance to the Iranian regime to achieve its old dream of occupying Iraq secretly or openly. Also, Arab countries, instead of creating peaceful solutions, didn’t undermine their main threat, which was the Iranian regime.
After the wrong invasion of Iraq by coalition forces and the transfer of power from Ayad Alawi to Maleki, who was the puppet of Iranian regime, the mullahs advanced their control in Iraq.
This was the biggest miscalculation of the US and coalition forces, which led to the formation of ISIS and turned the Middle East into a living hell.
The appeasement policy towards Iranian regime, black listing its major opposition amongst the terrorist organizations, bombarding, disarming and besieging them in the death camp in Iraq, was all done purposely to collapse them. This was the same group, which were the only ones exposing the Iranian mullahs’ nuclear ambitions in 2003, and it was a policy that served as the main sponsor of terrorism and the fundamentalist regime.
Despite the Iran nuclear deal, the Iranian regime’s behavior has not changed. This regime has continued its support of terrorism, interference and meddling in Syria, Yemen, Bahrain and Iraq. Under horrible and continuous suppression, Iranians also thirst for regime change. Thus, supporting the policy of promoting the regime change by the Iranian people’s resistance can make up for the past and bring peace and stability in the region. Relying on the sham election by Khamenei is a continuation of the same mistaken policy of miscalculation that is weakening the policy of confrontation against the role of the Iranian regime, which is meant to destabilize the region.
Today, recognition of the devastating role of the Iranian regime in the Middle East is not enough. Supporting the policy of changing mullahs’ fundamentalist regime by the hands of Iranian resistance movement can compensate for the old mistakes and bring about peace and stability for the future.
The Iranian opposition’s leader, Maryam Rajavi, during an interview with the Algerian newspaper, El Watan, said: “We have always mentioned that the Iranian people and the Resistance do not need money nor weapons from the West. But they need the West to stay impartial. We invite all governments to support our democratic Islam as an alternative of Islamic fundamentalism. This is an alternative that can block the barbarism of clerical fascism and overthrew the religious dictatorship in Iran. When the regime is broken, all of its militants under the commands of Quds force, such as Hezbollah in Lebanon, Ansarllah Huthi in Yemen, and multiple groups in Iraq, will disappear and the atmosphere of breathing for all fundamentalist groups from Alghaede to ISIS will vanish.”
- “The decrees Cyrus made on human rights were inscribed in the Akkadian language on a baked-clay cylinder.
The decrees Cyrus made on human rights were inscribed in the Akkadian language on a baked-clay cylinder.
Cyrus the Great, the first king of Persia, freed the slaves of Babylon, 539 B.C.
Cyrus the Great, the first king of Persia, freed the slaves of Babylon, 539 B.C.
In 539 B.C., the armies of Cyrus the Great, the first king of ancient Persia, conquered the city of Babylon. But it was his next actions that marked a major advance for Man. He freed the slaves, declared that all people had the right to choose their own religion, and established racial equality. These and other decrees were recorded on a baked-clay cylinder in the Akkadian language with cuneiform script.
Known today as the Cyrus Cylinder, this ancient record has now been recognized as the world’s first charter of human rights. It is translated into all six official languages of the United Nations and its provisions parallel the first four Articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.” Read more:
- “The monarch Mozaffar ad-Din Shah signed the constitution in 1906, but he died shortly after and was replaced by Mohammad Ali Shah. The latter abolished the constitution and bombarded the parliament with Russian and British support in 1908. This led to another pro-constitutional movement. The constitutionalist forces marched to Tehran, forced Muhammad Ali Shah’s abdication in favor of his young son Ahmad Shah Qajar and the re-established the constitution in 1909.” Read more:
- CIA admits role in 1953 Iran coup
“Mossadegh, who was the prime minister of Iran, was overthrown on August 19, 1953 in what was for years believed to be a plot backed by the US and the UK. The event changed the course of history in Iran, the effects of which continue to echo to this day.
According to the report in FPM, the National Security Archive obtained the document through the Freedom of Information Act request. The document is a brief excerpt from a report titled “The Battle for Iran,” an internal report prepared in the mid-1970s by an in-house CIA historian.
While the document was first released in 1981, most of it had been redacted, including Section III titled “Covert Action,” which describes the events relating to the coup.|” read more:
- “Demonstrations against the Shah commenced in October 1977, developing into a campaign of civil resistance that included both secular and religious elements and which intensified in January 1978 Between August and December 1978 strikes and demonstrations paralyzed the country. The Shah left Iran for exile on 16 January 1979, as the last Persian monarch, leaving his duties to a regency council and an opposition-based prime minister. Ayatollah Khomeini was invited back to Iran by the government and returned to Tehran to a greeting by several million IraniansThe royal reign collapsed shortly after on 11 February when guerrillas and rebel troops overwhelmed troops loyal to the Shah in armed street fighting, bringing Khomeini to official power”
- ”A History of the Iran-Iraq War: Part 1 Khomeini’s Interest in Iraq”
Khomini in Kayhan Persian daily news paper inviting Iraqi army uprising against Sadam Hosein. And this is in 1979.
- ”Deadly Fatwa: Iran’s 1988 Prison Massacre
This report documents and analyzes the Iranian government’s massacre of political prisoners in 1988. Pursuant to a fatwa issued by then-Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khomeini, the government systematically interrogated, tortured and summarily executed thousands of political prisoners. Many families were never informed about the executions and many of the victims were buried in unmarked mass graves. The Iranian government has never identified those who were secretly executed and tortured, and has never issued an explanation for this crime.”
- “Camp Ashraf and the 2003 Iraq War
Prior to the 2003 U.S.-led war in Iraq, the PMOI publicly declared its neutrality and played no part in the conflict. In the early part of the invasion, as a result of quid pro quo between Washington and Tehran, PMOI bases were repeatedly bombed by Coalition forces, inflicting dozens of casualties and enormous structural damage.
In April 2003, US forces signed a cease-fire agreement of “mutual understanding and coordination” with the PMOI. Finally in May 2003, as a result of negotiations between the PMOI and US forces led by General Ray Odierno, the PMOI agreed to a “voluntary consolidation” and disarming of its forces in exchange for US protection of Camp Ashraf and its residents.”
- “Iran, Rafsanjani, International Terrorism and the False Appearance of Moderation”
- The invention of Iraq by US and Britain in 2003 went wrong and “
The great paradox of the US overthrow of Saddam Hussein is that by destroying Iraq as a regional player they accelerated and facilitated the rise of Iran. Tehran saw the Shia in Iraq as its allies in a wider regional struggle.”